Banks struggle to lure long-term capital
Banks have to mobilise long-term capital at high costs by issuing certificates of deposit (CD) in Vietnamese dong with high interest rates to lure depositors, causing concerns about a domino effect on lending rates.
At Southeast Asia Bank (SeABank), when customers apply for a 24-month CD valued at a minimum of VND100 million (US$4,290), they can enjoy a fixed interest rate of 8.4 per cent per year, while a 36-month CD can bring them a fixed interest rate of 8.6 per cent.
State-owned Bank for Investment and Development of Vietnam (BIDV) has also introduced high interest rates for long-term CD. Specifically, an interest rate of 7.6 per cent is applied for an 18-month CD valued at a minimum of VND10 million for individual customers and VND50 million for corporate customers.
One leader of a bank, who declined to be named, said banks had to issue CD at high interest rates as they faced difficulties in luring long-term capital. The rate of CD is currently some 1 per cent higher than normal deposits.
Besides the issue of CD, banks have also adjusted up rates of long-term deposits to attract depositors.
Nam A Joint Stock Commercial Bank (Nam A Bank) has recently raised interest rates on 12-month deposits to 7.7 per cent per year, up 0.3 percentage points from late last year. Notably, with the form of online savings deposit, customers will be offered an interest rate of 8 per cent per year.
Early this month, Saigon Joint Stock Commercial Bank (SCB) also applied the highest interest rate of 8.65 per cent per year on 13 to 36 month online deposits for individual customers.
Lien Viet Post Joint Stock Commercial Bank (LienVietPostBank) has recently also introduced a new interest rate schedule, with an interest rate of 8 per cent applied for 13-month deposits, up 0.2 percentage points against the end of last year.
Currently, many banks are in a dire need of long-term capital as their ratio of medium- and long-term capital in the total remains limited. Meanwhile, according to State Bank of Viet Nam (SBV) regulations, banks must reduce their short-term funds for medium- and long-term loans to 40 per cent from early this year against last year’s rate of 45 per cent.
In addition, banks also need more capital to meet a capital adequacy ratio (CAR) of 8 per cent in 2020 as per the SBV’s Basel II norms. Fitch Ratings estimated the Vietnamese banking system could face a capital shortfall of almost US$20 billion to meet Basel II implementation.
According to experts, in the current context, the most effective and rapid measure to help banks meet the central bank’s regulations is to increase long-term deposits by raising interest rates to attract depositors.
However, the experts are also concerned that the rate hike of deposits would cause a domino effect on interest rates of long-term loans.