Banks target consumer loans for higher credit growth
Commercial banks are trying to boost individual consumer loans, especially to home and car buyers, since credit growth had slowed due to low capital demand from businesses.
SHB has recently launched attractive loan packages for home and car buyers, with interest rates of 6.5 per cent and 6.8 per cent per year, respectively, down from 7.5 per cent.
In a similar move, BIDV said it had set aside VND30 trillion (US$1.29 billion) to lend to individual clients with interest rates of 5.5 per cent per year for loans with terms less than six months, and 6 per cent for 6-12 month loans. These rates are down 0.5 per cent against last month.
At Maritime Bank, clients can borrow money to buy cars at 6.99 per cent per year while the rate at NCB is 7.99 per cent.
Other banks offering car purchasing loans at interest rates below 10 per cent include Techcombank at 8.19 per cent, Vietcombank at 8.4 per cent and Military Bank at 8.5 per cent.
Foreign banks have also joined the push, offering car loans at interest rates below 10 per cent.
Woori Bank is lending to fund car purchases at a rate of 7 per cent per year for the first 12 months.
HongLeong Bank quotes a rate of 7.55 per cent per year for the first 12 months and 8.55 per cent for 24 months, Standard Chartered 7.25 per cent and 8.49 per cent, and Shinhan Bank 7.69 per cent and 8.6 per cent, respectively.
Interest rates for home loans offered by foreign banks are also attractive. Standard Chartered provides loans at a preferential interest rate of 6.49 per cent, HongLeong Bank 6.75 per cent, Shinhan Bank 6.9 per cent and Woori Bank 7 per cent.
According to industry insiders, interest rates for car and home loans were nearly equal to 6-12 month term deposit interest rates.
Home and car loans account for the largest proportion of banks’ consumer loans. Home loans are estimated to account for 50 per cent, and car loans 10 per cent.
According to experts, banks had to cut interest rates for consumer loans to boost lending as deposits had continued to rise while lending to firms had slowed.
According to the State Bank of Viet Nam (SBV), as of mid-August, deposits had increased by 6.3 per cent, while loans had risen by only 4.13 per cent.
Money had continued to flow into banks, despite deposit interest rates falling. Meanwhile, individuals and firms with large amounts of cash were leaving their money in banks.
Banking expert Nguyen Tri Hieu told Viet Nam News that banks were focusing more on consumer lending as these loans had interest rates far higher than other kinds of loans because of the higher risks.
Finance reports from some profitable banks showed that their profits were due to the increase in consumer loans.
Hieu said at the moment, with the economy struggling to recover from the COVID-19 pandemic, consumer loans would help stimulate general demand, thus supporting economic growth.
A recent report from BIDV Securities Company (BSC) forecast that credit growth in the entire banking system this year would be only 9 per cent, compared with the 13 per cent set in 2019.
Analysts from Saigon Securities Incorporation (SSI) estimated an even lower rate. SSI’s recent report on the outlook for the banking industry in the second half of 2020 forecast credit growth in 2020 would be around 7.5-8.5 per cent.
According to the analysts, the credit demand may continue to weaken as the country still suffered impacts of the pandemic while banks, especially large-sized ones, may not lower their credit granting standards.
Due to the low credit growth, besides consumer loans, banks were increasing their purchases of Government bonds, despite the lower interest rates.
The Ha Noi Stock Exchange (HNX) reported that it had mobilised VND22.8 trillion through Government bond issuances in August. The figure had reached VND1,230 trillion as of August 31.
Banks were also buying more corporate bonds. Bankers were the biggest buyers of bonds, especially real estate bonds. In the first half of this year alone, banks bought VND28 trillion worth of bonds issued by real estate firms, which accounted for 40 per cent of the total bonds issued.