Mortgage requirements stand between small companies and bank loans
Small- and medium-sized enterprises are unable to borrow from banks because they do not have property to mortgage, Tran Viet Anh, deputy chairman of the HCM City Business Association, has said.
He was speaking at a conference held to bring together enterprises and banks in HCM City on Thursday, where many small enterprises in the city complained about their difficulty in getting bank loans.
Nguyen Van Hau, financial manager of Dai Dung Company, said in fact the enterprises need to mortgage a lot of assets to borrow because banks value properties at a fraction of their market price.
“If an enterprise want to borrow VND100 billion, it must have properties worth VND300-400 billion,” Hau said.
Most manufacturing companies tended to rent or buy lands in industrial parks, but banks did not accept them as collateral since they are not granted land use right certificates, he said.
Lu Nguyen Xuan Vu of Xuan Nguyen Group, a company operating in the agricultural sector, said firms in the sector mainly have farmlands, and they are valued far lower than others.
Agricultural firms find it even harder to get bank loans than those in other sectors, he added.
Anh said banks should increase the rate of unsecured loans for SMEs.
Dao Minh Tu, Deputy Governor of the State Bank of Viet Nam, said the banks and businesses should work together to find a way out.
The central bank would consider relaxing lending requirements so that SMEs can get easier access to bank loans, he promised.
It would also increase loans for production and business activities, especially in priority sectors, simplify lending procedures and diversify banking products, he said.
Meanwhile, banks should offer lower interest rates and share businesses’ risks, Tu said.
A report from the SBV shows that credit to SMEs has edged up this year.
In the first quarter, loans outstanding to SMEs increased by 2.8 per cent to VND1.31 trillion (U$56.2 million) , accounting for 18 per cent of total loans.